January 15, 2021 - 2:00 pm
January 15, 2021 - 3:00 pm
AddressH.001, 1A Hoang Dieu, Phu Nhuan View map
Education and transition to employment among the youth in Vietnam
Student: Trần Thị Thu Vân, VNP 25
Supervisor: Dr. Trương Đăng Thụy
The successful transition to employment marks a significant milestone in one’s life, as the participation in the workplace provides financial independence, social networks, and self- steem. However, few empirical estimates have been conducted in Vietnam to find out the determinants affect the transition duration and the quality employment among the youths. This thesis examines the relationship between education attainment and the school-to-work transition of school-leavers from 15 to 29 years old in Vietnam using data is from School to Work Transition Surveys 2015. This thesis, first, uses the diagram of the Kaplan-Meier estimator of the survival Function to show how hazard rates differ with educational attainment, gender, region, urban/ rural. Next, the exponential proportional hazard model is used to estimate the relationship between education status and the rate of transition to first paid employment, controlling for background covariates. Finally, among who have the first paid job, a multinomial logit model (MLM) is used to investigate factors affecting the likelihood of an individual choosing a given occupation (including ‘self-employment; ‘wage employment with a contract’, and ‘wage employment without a contract’). The same analyses are repeated for transition to first regular or satisfactory employment.
This thesis has generated several key findings. First, the high education results in earlier entering the first paid employment and higher probability of entering the wage employment with a contract. Second, female youths find job faster than male youths. Female youths have a higher rate of working as wage employment with a contract, while male youth is more likely to be in wage employment without a contract. Third, the youths living in rural find job at a faster rate than the urban youths and have a higher rate of getting the first paid job in the form of wage employment with a contract. Fourth, family background (showing through parental education) does not affect the probability of young Vietnamese getting their first paid job and their job selections. Fifth, Northern midland and mountain area, and North Central Coast have a lower rates of transition to first paid employment than the reference category Red River Delta. The rate of youth living in these regions is also less likely to get wage employment with a contract than in Red River Delta. Sixth, the length of time to transition to first regular or satisfactory job is longer than to first paid job.